GEOG 5025

1. Philosophies underlying human geography research

Cloke, P.; Philo, C.; and Sadler, D. 1991. Approaching Human Geography (London: Paul Chapman) (Read any chapter of interest). In the GRC

Graham, Elspeth 1997. "Philosophies underlying human geography research" In Robin Flowerdew and David Martin (eds.) Methods in Human Geography: A Guide for Students Doing Research Projects (London and New York: Prentice Hall), pp. 8-32. In the GRC

Johnston, R.J. Gregory. D. Pratt, G, and Watts, M. 2002. The Dictionary of Human Geography (Oxford: Blackwell) [Entries on Epistemology, Ontology, Positivism, Empiricism, Hermeneutics, Post-structuralism, Postmodernism, Marxism, Humanistic Geography, Phenomenology, Idealism, Realism, Structuration theory]. In the GRC

Lorimer, H. and Spedding, N. 2002. "Editorial: putting philosophies of geography into practice' Area. 34: 227-8.

Rose, G. 1997. "Situating knowledge: positionality, reflexivity and other tactics", Progress in Human Geography, 21: 305-20.

Sprague, Joey and Kobrynowicz, Diane (2004). "Feminist Epistemology Chap 5" Feminist Perspectives on Social Research (New York: Oxford University Press). Available at Scott Library

2. Ethical Practice in Geographical Research

Chouinard, V. 2000. "Getting ethical; for inclusive and engaged geographies of disability" Ethics, Place and Environment, 3: 70-80. Please scroll to page 70.

Cloke, P. Cooke, P., Cursons, J., Milbourne, P. and Widdowfield, R. 2000. "Ethics, reflexivity and research: encounter with homeless people", Ethics, Place and Environment, 3: 133-54.

Dowling, R. 2010. "Power, subjectivity and ethics in qualitative research" in I. Hay (ed) Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography (Don Mills: Oxford University Press, pp 2-39.  In the GRC

Matthews, H. Limb, M., and Taylor, M. 1998. "The geography of children: some ethical and methodological considerations for projects and dissertation work", Journal of Geography in Higher Education, 22:311-24.

Metzel, D. 2000. "Research with the mentally incompetent: the dilemma of informed consent", Ethics, Place and Environment, 3: 87-90.  Please scroll to page 87.

Valentine, G., Butler, R. and Skelton, T. 2001. "The ethical and methodological complexities of doing research with 'vulnerable' young people" Ethics, Place and Environment 4: 119-25.

Wilton, R.D. 2000. "Sometimes it's OK to be a spy": ethics and politics in geographies of disability", Ethics, Place and Environment, 3: 91-7.  Please scroll to page 91.

3. Literature Search and Literature Review

Bordens. Kenneth S. and Abbott, Bruce B. 2002 " Reviewing the scientific literature" (Chapter 3) Research Design and Methods: A Process Approach (Boston and Dubuque, IA: McGraw Hill), pp. 63-95. Available in Scott Library call number BF 76.5 B67

Creswell, John W. 2003/2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (Thousand Oaks: Safe Publications). (ISBN: 0761901442) In the GRC

4. Fundamentals of Research Proposal

Locke. L.E. 2007. Proposals that Work: A Guide for Planning Dissertations and Grant Proposals. (London: Sage Publication). Available in Scott and Steacie Libraries call number Q 180.55 P7 L63

Munhall, Patricia L. 2000. Qualitative Research Proposal and Report (New York: Jones and Bartlett) Available in Scott and Steacie Libraries call number RT 81.5 M854

Ogden, Thomas E. 2002, Research Proposal: A Guide to Success (New York: Academic Press). Available on Amazon

Punch, Keith 2000, Developing Effective Research Proposals (London and Thousand Oaks CA: Sage). Available in Scott Library call number H62 P92

5.  Qualitative Methodology

Cope, Meghan (2010). "History of qualitative research in geography" Chp 2, D. DeLyseret al. (ed), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography

Creswell, J.W. 1998. Qualitative Inquiry and Research Design: Choosing Among Five Traditions (Thousand Oak: Sage Publications). Available in Scott Library call number H61 C73

Creswell, John W. 2003/2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed. Available in the GRC

DeLyser, Dydia (2010). 'Writing Qualitative Geography." Chap. 19 in D. DeLyser et al. (eds), The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography.

Denzin. N.K. and Y.S. Lincoln (eds.) 2000. Handbook of Qualitative Research (London, Thousand Oaks, New Delhi: SAGE Publications) Available in Scott Library call number H62 H2455

Hay, lain (2010). Qualitative Research Methods in Human Geography (Don Mills, Ontario: Oxford University Press)Available in the GRC

Mensah, J. Williams, C. J. (2014). "Cultural dimensions of African immigrant housing in Toronto: a qualitative insight" Housing Studies Vol. 29 (3): 438—455.

Savin-Baden, M. and Major, C.L. (2013). Qualitative Research: The Essential Guide to Theory and Practice. (London: Routledge). Available on Amazon

Semi-Structured Interviews and Focus Groups

Bosco, Fernando J. (2010). "Focus groups as collaborative research performances" Chapt 11, D. DeLyser et al., The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography. 

Byron, M. (1993) "Using audiovisual aids in geography research: questions of access and responsibility" Area, 25: 379-85.

Crang, M. 2001. "Field work: making sense of group interviews”, in M. Limb and C. Qualitative Methodologies for Geographers: Issues and Debates. London. Available in the GRC

Goss, J. 1996. “ Introduction to focus groups," Area, 28: 113-14.

Holbrook. B. and Jackson. P.A. 1996 "Shopping around: focus group research in north London" Area, 28. 136-42.

Morgan, D. 1993. Successful Focus Groups: Advancing the State of the Arts. Beverly Hills, CA: Sage.

Stewart, D. and Shamdasani, P.N. 1990. Focus Groups: Theory and Practice (Beverly Hills, CA: Sage).

Wilkinson, S. 1998. "Focus groups in feminist research: power, interaction and the co-construction of meaning", Women's Studies international Forum. 21:111-25.

Participant Observation

Bennett, K. 2002. "Participant observation" in P. Shurmer-Smith (ed.) Doing Cultural Geography (London: Sage) pp. 139-49. Available in Scott Library call number GF 21 D65 2002

Cook, Ian. 1997. "Participant observation" in Robin Flowerdew and David Martin (eds.) Methods in Human Geography: A Guide for Students doing a Research Project (London and New York: Prentice Hall), pp. 127-150.  Available in the GRC

Dowler. L. 2001. “Fieldwork in the trenches: participant observation in a conflict area" in M. Limb and C. Dwyer (eds.) Qualitative Methodologies for Geographers: Issues and Debates. London: Arnold, 153-64. Available in the GRC

Herbert, S. 2000. "For ethnography", Progress in Human Geography, 24: 550-68.

Jackson, P. 1983. "Principles and problems of participant observation" Geografiska Annaler Series B: Human Geography, 65: 39-46.

Krueger, R and King, J. 1997. Involving Community Members in Focus Groups (London: Sage).  Available on Amazon

Watson, Annette (2010) "Ethnography and participant observation" Chap 7. D. DeLyser et al. (eds). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography.

6. Quantitative Methodology

Antonius, Rachad 2004. Interpreting Quantitative Data with SPSS (London and Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications).

Abdelal. R.; Herrera. Y.M.: Johnston, A.I.; and McDermott, R. (2009). Measuring Identity: A Guide For Social Scientists (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Available in Scott Library call number HM 753 M43 2009

DeLyser, D. and Starrs, P. (eds.) (2001) Special issue on "Doing Fieldwork" The Geographical Review, 91 : ix-viii, 1-508.

Field, Andy (2013). Discovering Statistics Using IBM SPSS (London: Sage Publications). Available in Scott Reserves call number HA 32 F54 2013

McLafferty, Sara L. 2003. "Conducting questionnaire surveys," in N.J. Clifford and G. Valentine (eds), Key Methods in Geography (London and Thousand Oaks: SAGE Publications) pp. 87-100. Available in the GRC

O’Lear, S. 1996, "Using electronic mail surveys for geographic research: lessons from a survey of Russian environmentalist", The Professional Geographer 48: 209-17.

Treiman, Donald J. (2009). Quantitative Data Analysis (San Francisco: John Wiley). Available on Amazon

7. Additional Strategies of Inquiry in Contemporary Human Geography 

Mixed Methods

Bryman. Alan (2012). Breaking Down the Quantitative/Qualitative Divide (Chapter 15) Social Research Methods (Oxford: Oxford University Press) Available in the GRC

Creswell, John W. 2003/2009. Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches (Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications). Available in the GRC

Elwood, Sarah (2010). "Mixed methods: thinking, doing, and asking in multiple ways" Chap 6. In D. DeLyser et al. (eds). The SAGE Handbook of Qualitative Geography. Available in the GRC

 Mensah, J. and Williams, C.J. (2013). “Ghanaian and Somali immigrants in Toronto's rental market: a comparative cultural perspective of housing issues and coping strategies" Canadian Ethnic Studies Vol. 45, No 1-2, pp 125-51.

Philip, L.J. 1998. "Combining quantitative and qualitative approaches to social research in human geography- ‘an impossible mixture'?" Environment and Planning A 30: 261-76.

Winchester. H.P.M. 1999. "Interviews and questionnaires as mixed methods in population geography: the case of lone fathers in Newcastle. Australia". The Professional Geographer, 51: 60-7.